National Watershed Development Project For Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA)

List of Micro Watersheds Project to be Taken Up During The XIth Plan In Meghalaya

Implementation Phase

The Centrally Sponsored Scheme on NWDPRA is a major thrust programme being launched by Government of India, during the VIIIth Plan, to serve as a pace setter for comprehensive development of all dry land areas in the country for insitu moisture retention and increased production of biomass.

In Meghalaya the Scheme was implemented in 8 (eight) C.D. Blocks during the VIIIth Plan in an area of about 4110 ha during this period, Sohkhwai Micro Watershed in Ri-Bhoi District and Pyntharlyndan in West Khasi Hills was selected as Pilot Project. Mentionably, the Maweit Micro Watershed was adjudge among the best project in thecountry and bagged the prestigious productivity award (Dry land farming from the National Productivity Council, New Delhi ).

During the IXth Plan, 32 Micro Watershed were taken up, one in each C & RD Block. During this period, it has created tremendous impact in the socio-economic well-being of the people. It has created awareness amongst target farmers, the importance of conserving and proper management of the soil and the farmers have adopted better diversified farming under dry land conditions. The Scheme has generated additional income through improved technologies, man-power upgradation and adoption of proper land use.

Various types of training programmes and field visit even to more advanced States have and educate the farmers to understand and maintain ecological balance of the various eco-systems in their areas. Hence, larger areas should be brought under the purview of the Scheme for the interest of the farmers and the State.

During the Xth Plan Period i.e. w.e.f. 2002-2003 the Government of India have approved another 78 Micro Watershed Project in the State i.e. 2 (two) Micro Watershed in each C & RD Blocks for implementation during the Plan Period including 7 Pilot Project, representing the agro-climatic variant of Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills and Garo Hills.

During 2002-2003, efforts are made to cover area of about 7920 ha of the project area at an estimate cost of Rs. 415.00 lakhs.

The Project site have been identified and the cadestral survey of these projects have also been completed. The project Reports of these selected projects have also been approved by the Government of India for implementation. The different committees at various level have been constituted and PIA’s have been selected for implementing the Scheme.