Package of Practices (English Version)

Rice/Paddy Wheat Maize Temperate Fruits Vegetable Carrot Black Pepper Kiwi Fruit Strawberry

Hints on Vegetable Growing

A - Higher Region (1100 Metres above MSL)
Sl. No. Type of Vegetable Season Seed Rate (Kg/ha)
No. of plants/Ha
Spacing (cms)
Row x Plant
Harvesting
(days)
Yield
(Qt/Ha)
Manuring
Page 1
1 Cabbage Transplant
May to Sept
0.5 to 0.8
or
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 90-120 250-300 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
562 Kg SSP,
66 Kg MOP
2 Knol-khol -do- 1.0 to 1.2 or 1,50,000 to 1,52,000 30 x 20 60-90 200-250 -do-
3 Cauliflower -do- 0.5 to 0.6
or
25,000 to 26,000
and
33,500 to 34,000
60 x 60
60 x 45
60 x 45
120-150
100-120
90-120

250-300
200-250
200-250
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
217Kg Urea,
468Kg
SSP, 83 Kg MOP
4. a Peas Dwarf Sow August to September 75-100 30X4 (within bed) 45-60 80-100 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
86 Kg Urea,
375Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
4. b Creeper -do- -do- 30X4 (within bed) 60-75 100-125
5. a Frenchbean Dwarf Sow March to July 50-75 30X10
(within bed)
45-60 100-125 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
108 Kg Urea,
406Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
5. b Frenchbean Creeper -do- -do- 30X10
(within bed)
60-75 120-135
Page 2
6. a Hot Chilli Transplant
May to June
1 to 1.5
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 75-100 75-90
(Green)
20 to 25 tonnes/ha FYM
217 Kg Urea,
500 Kg SSP,
100 Kg MOP
6. b Capsicum 1.5 to 2.5
80,500 to 1,00,000
45 x 45 75-100 60-70
(Green)
6. c Achar Chilli 1 to 1.5
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 75-100 75-90
(Green)
7 Brinjal Transplant
May to June
0.5 to 0.6
or
33,500 to 34,000
60 x 45 90-100 150-200 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
217 Kg Urea,
312 Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
8 Lettuce Transplant
April to Sept.
.500 - .800
or 1,00,000 to 1,01,000
30 x 30 60-75 60-70 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
562Kg SSP,
66 Kg MOP
9 Celery -do- 0.5 to 1.0
Or
66,000 to 68,000
45 x 30 60 60-75 -do-
10 Mustard
(For Vegetable)
August to November 0.5 to 0.6
or 66,000 to 68,000
45 x 30 60 60-75 -do-
11 Swiss Chard April to October 5.0 to 6.0
or
66,000 to 68,000
45 x 30 60 60-75 -
Page 3
12 Cucumber March to May 2-3 Kgs 300 x 300 60-75 60-70 15 to 20 Kg well dried FYM/Plant
13 Pumpkin March to May 2-3 Kgs 600 x 600 90-150 60-75 -do-
14 Carrot March to September 4-5 Kgs 6 x 3 75-90 125-200 10 M.T/ha FYM,
130 Kg Urea,
187Kg SSP,
50 Kg MOP
15. a Radish Early Variety March to July 5-8 Kgs 30 x 10 30 - 60 200 - 250 20 tonnes/ha FYM
260 Kg Urea
375Kg SSP,
166Kg MOP
15. b Radish Late Variety March to August 5-8 Kgs 30 x 20 60 250-300
16 Beetroot May to October Transplant 5-6 Kgs
or
3,00,000 to 3,01,000
20 x 15 100 150-200 10 M.T/ha FYM,
130 Kg Urea,
187Kg SSP,
50 Kg MOP
17 Garlic Planting August to Sept 350-500 Kgs of cloves 15 x 7.5 120-150 60-100 10-12 Kg /ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
375 Kg SSP
166 Kg MOP
18 Onion Transplant April to Sept. 8-10 Kgs 20 x 10 90-100 100-120
19 Turnip Transplant April to Sept. 3-5 Kgs 20 x 15 60 150-200 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
260 Kg Urea,
375 Kg SSP,
166Kg MOP
Page 4
20 Tomato Transplant April to May. 0.5 or 26,000 to 27,000
0.2 or 17,000 to 17,500
60 x 60
90 x 60
80-90
80-90
200-250
500-600
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
217 Kg Urea,
312 KgSSP,
83 Kg MOP
21 Broccoli May to Sept - 60 x 60
60 x 45
100-120 - 15 tonnes/ha FYM,325 Kg Urea,
562 Kg SSP,
66 Kg MOP
B - Lower Region(Above 1100 Metres M.S.L)
Sl. No. Type of Vegetable Season Seed Rate (Kg/ha)
No. of plants/Ha
Spacing (cms)
Row x Plant
Harvesting
(days)
Yield
(Qt/Ha)
Manuring
Page 5
1 Cabbage Sowing Sept to Nov 0.8 or
44,500 to 50,000
0.45 or
25,000 to 26,000
45 x 45
60 x 60
90-120
120-150
250-300
300-350
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
562 Kg SSP, 66 Kg MOP
2 Knol-khol Sowing Sept to Nov 1.0 to 1.2 or
1,20,000 to 1,22,000
30 x 25 55-75 200-250 -do-
3. a Cauliflower Early Sowing Sept to Oct. 0.6 or
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 120-130 200-250 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
217Kg Urea,
468Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
3. b Cauliflower Late 0.5 or
33,500 to 34,000
60 x 45 140-150 250-300
4. a Peas Dwarf Sowing Oct. to Nov 75-100 30 x 4
(within bed)
45 or 60-75 30-40 or
70 to 90
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
86 Kg Urea,
375 Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
4. b Peas Creeper 75-100 75-80 90-120
5. a Frenchbean Dwarf Sowing Oct. to March 50-75 30 x 10 45-60 100-125 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
108 Kg Urea,
406 Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
5. b Frenchbean Creeper 50-60 45 x10 60-75 120-140
Page 6
6. a Hot Chilli Transplant
May to June
1 to 1.5
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 75-100 75-90
(Green)
20 to 25 tonnes/ha FYM
217 Kg Urea,
500 Kg SSP,
100 Kg MOP
6. c Achar Chilli 1 to 1.5
44,500 to 50,000
45 x 45 75-100 75-90
(Green)
7. a Brinjal Long Rainy season sow in March
Transplant in April.
0.5 to 0.6
20,000 to 21,000
75 x 60 90-100 175-225 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
217 Kg Urea,
312 Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
7. b Brinjal Round Autumn & Winter Crop
Sow in June &
transplant in July
0.5 to 0.6
20,000 to 21,000
75 x 60 90-100 175-225
8 Tomato Transplant Sept. to Nov 0.5 or
25,000 to 26,000
0.2 or
16,500 to 17,000
60 x 60
90 x 60
80-90
80-90
200-300
500-600
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
217 Kg Urea,
312 Kg SSP,
83 Kg MOP
9 Carrot Sowing Oct. to Nov. 4 to 5 6 x 4 75-90 125-200 10 M.T/ha FYM,
130 Kg Urea,
187 Kg SSP,
50 Kg MOP
Page 7
10 Radish Sowing Oct. to Jan 5 to 8 30 x 20 60> 200-250 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
60 Kg Urea,
375 Kg
SSP, 166Kg MOP
11 Beetroot Sowing Oct. to Nov. 5 to 6 or
3,00,000 to 3,01,000
20 x 20 100 150-200 10 M.T/ha FYM,
130 Kg Urea,
187 Kg SSP,
50 Kg MOP
12 Turnip Sowing Sept. to Dec. 3 to 5 or
3,00,000 to 3,01,000
20 x 20 60 150-200 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
260 Kg Urea,
375 Kg SSP,
166Kg MOP
13 Garlic Sowing Sept. to Oct. 350 to 500 of cloves 15 x 7.5 120-150 60-100 10-12 Kg/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
375 Kg SSP,
166 Kg MOP
14 Onion Sowing Sept. to Oct. 8 to 10 25 x 10 90-100 100-120
15 Coriander SowingOct. to Nov. 8 to 10 Broadcast 40-50 Irrigated 10-15
unIrrigated 4-5
15 tonnes/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
562 Kg SSP,
66 Kg MOP
16 Spinach Sowing Sept. to Dec. 20 to 25 20 x 5 50-60 60-75 15 tonnes/ha FYM,
325 Kg Urea,
562 Kg SSP,
66 Kg MOP
17 Mustard
(For Vegetable)
Sowing Sept. to Nov. 0.5 to 0.6 45 x 30 40-50 60-75
Page 8
18 Ladies Finger Sowing Jan to July Early 8 to 10
Late 6 to 8
45 x 30 45-50 10-15 15 - 20 tonnes/ha FYM,
173 Kg Urea,
312 Kg SSP,
50 Kg
19 Pumpkin Summer harvest Jan to April
Spring harvest Sept to Oct.
3 to 4 600 x 600
400 x 400
90-150 Small varieties 60-75
Large varieties 150-200
15to 20 Kg dried FYM /Plant
20. a Cucumber Early Spring Nov to Dec 2 to 3 120x150 60-70 40-50 15to 20 Kg well dried FYM/Plant
20. b Cucumber Late Spring Feb to March 300 x 300 75-90 60-70
21 Ash Gourd Feb to April 3 to 4 300 x 300 75-90 150-200
22 Bottle Gourd Spring Feb-March
Summer June-July
3 to 4 300 x 300
400 x 400
75-90
75-90
150-200
150-200
23 Sponge Gourd Spring Jan-March
Summer June-July
3 to 4 300 x 300 75-90 90-130
24 Snake Gourd Sowing Apr-June 4 to 5 300 x 300 75-90 100
25 Bitter Gourd Spring Oct-Nov
Summer June-July
5 to 7 2.5 x 2.0 75-90 200-250
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