Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Title : Promotion of Integrated Pest Management.

Type : Central Sector Scheme.

Objectives : IPM is a broad ecological pest control approach aiming at best mix of all known pest control measures to keep the pest population below economic threshold level (ETL).  It is an economically justified and sustainable system of crop protection that leads to maximum productivity with the least possible adverse impact on the total environment.  In crop production technology IPM is a schedule of practices which starts from field selection till harvest of a crop. The major components in this approach are cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical methods of insect pests, diseases, weeds and rodent control in a compatible manner.

Salient Features
i) Popularising IPM approach among farming community;

ii) Organising regular pest surveillance and monitoring to assess pest/disease situation and study agro-eco-system to advise timely IPM control measures;

iii) Rearing biological control agents for their field use and conservation of naturally occurring biological control agents for control of crop pests;

iv) Promoting use of bio-pesticides, neem based pesticides, bacillus based bio-pesticides, insect pathogen as alternative to chemical pesticides;

v) To play a catalytic role in transfer of innovative IPM skills/methods/ techniques to extension workers and farmers in all states including the rich.

vi) To preserve eco-system and environment;

vii) Human Resource Development in IPM by imparting training to master trainers, extension workers and farmers by conduct of trainings and establishment of Farmers' Field Schools (FFSs).

viii) Field releases of laboratory reared bio-control agents for the control of pests;

ix) Issuing insect-pest and disease situation bulletins for the benefit of State functionaries and farmers.

Steps for IPM implementation
Bench Mark Survey

Pre-sowing

IPM packages evolved
        The Ministry of Agriculture has evolved the following 20 IPM Package of practices and States can implement these packages as per their local needs :

A. KHARIF CROPS
  
     1. Rice.
        2. Cotton.
        3. Groundnut.
        4. Soyabean.
        5. Pigeon-pea.
        6. Black gram/Green gram.

B. RABI CROPS
        7. Wheat.
        8. Gram.
        9. Rapeseed/Mustard.
        10. Sesame.
        11. Safflower.
        12. Potato.
        13. Onion.
        14. Tomato.
        15. Cruciferous vegetables.
        16. Leguminous vegetables.
        17. Cucurbitaceous vegetables.
        18. Brinjal.
        19. Okra.
        20. Chillies/Capsicum.

Person to be contacted
        The Deputy Director, Plant Protection, Directorate of Agriculture, Govt. of Meghalaya, Cleve Colony, Shillong - 793003.